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How Does a Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner Work (Explained)

Published by: Katherine Frame

How Does a Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner Work

The significance of a wet and dry vacuum cleaner is well known to every house and shop owner. It is worth mentioning that not all vacuum cleaners provide the type of versatility and ease that a wet and dry vacuum provides. Moreover, it is designed to have an outstanding performance according to the environment.

Having said that, not many people know about this kind of device and must be wondering what exactly is a wet and dry vacuum cleaner and how it works. 

So in this article, we have provided you with everything about how does a wet and dry vacuum cleaner work. 

What Is a Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner?

Although the wet and dry vacuum is much like the regular canister vacuum cleaner, it is specifically designed for cleaning both kinds of dirt, whether fluid or dry. 

This type of vacuum cleaner was first manufactured for commercial buildings to deal with intense cleaning. They are now available in different sizes that are better suited for household use. An additional benefit of the wet and dry vacuum is the ability to clean wet areas. 

Although the wet and dry vacuum cleaner does not need a lot of maintenance, it is essential to perform the little basic maintenance tasks that it requires. Bear in mind that you will have to clean the vacuum’s filters regularly. 

Moreover, after an extensive amount of use of the vacuum, it is a good idea to replace them to ensure the proper functioning of the device. 

Different Types of Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner

  • Large: While the largest sizes of wet and dry vacuum cleaners are fairly huge and heavy, they make the task easier and quicker. This vacuum cleaner normally has the most considerable capacity. 
  • Medium: Although the wet and dry vacuum cleaner in its medium size is not as efficient as the large size, it is a good accommodation considering its size. They do their job performance regardless of the circumstance. 
  • Small: There’s no need to worry about the weight of the appliance or lack of storage space in your home with a small-size wet and dry vacuum cleaner. However, it is worth mentioning that you are going to compromise on the capacity and functionality that larger cleaners provide.
  • Mini: If you select this vacuum cleaner, you are again going to be giving up on the capacity. However, the good thing is that it is compact and simple to keep and carry.

How Does Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner Work and Its Design

A wet and dry vacuum cleaner uses a two-bucket technique to store liquid and solid debris individually rather than using the regular vacuum bag. 

This vacuum cleaner collects dirt through an intake dock that travels with fluids and solid waste in a tube. The airflow that is present over the buckets then drops. This leads to a loosening of air grip, which further enables fluids and large waste to bypass that airflow and fall straight into the bucket. 

Working of Wet Dry Vacuum (Source)

Then, the air vapor is then transferred to the motorized ventilator and exits via the exhaust system.

The air that is eliminated in the wet and dry vacuum cleaners comprises a little amount of dirt if you compare it with other regular cleaners. This is because this cleaner melts all the waste in the water that is there in the bucket. 

You will find it interesting that several models of wet and dry vacuum cleaners have been manufactured with an additional blower feature that enables them to discharge as well as pull air quickly. This feature is useful if debris has to be piled up just as before it is cleaned.

How to use a Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner 

You can start the vacuum cleaner or adjust its functions with just a click. The device has two types of filters as it pulls both liquid as well as dry dirt.

It uses the foam filter that is used for fluids and wet materials, and the paper filter comes to use for solid substances and dust. 

The filters must also be replaced when you change the chores. To avoid the stagnation of water in the bucket as well as the hose, the waste bucket needs to be cleared instantly after clearing the fluid waste. 

You can clear the internal bucket when it is full simply by putting the tube inside a bucket filled with water and then switching on the vacuum cleaner.

Different uses of a Wet and Dry Vacuum 

  • It can be used to clear the blockage in sinks and bathrooms. Just select the blower option on the vacuum and use it to discard impediments. 
  • It can easily be used for cleaning couch, floors, blinds, and curtains, as well as upholstered furniture just as a regular vacuum does. 
  • They pull up fire ashes instantly and thus can be used for cleaning fireplaces.  
  • You can easily deal with any domestic water accidents and overflows out of burst pipes. 
  • You can use it to vacuum your house.
  • The blower feature lets you clean all the leaves lying in your garden quickly. 
  • It is quite helpful when you have to clean rugs and carpets.

Pros of Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner

1. Flexible Cleaning Experience 

A wet and dry vacuum cleaner ensures a flexible cleaning experience. They are very effective and you can easily use them to clean up dry as well as fluid waste. This decreases your cleaning period and effort along with unnecessary burdens. 

2. Drainage Easily Disposable 

A wet and dry vacuum cleaner is equipped with a simple drainage configuration for easy cleaning of fluid as well as solid waste. The waste is compiled in the collection part and there it gets cleaned. The wet waste is easily discarded with a specific drainage tube. 

3. Effective Suction

A wet and dry vacuum cleaner is stronger and more effective than ordinary vacuum cleaners. These are more effective and durable compared to the other alternatives in houses and offices.

Cons of Wet and Dry Vacuum Cleaner

1. Strong 

The wet and dry vacuum cleaner is quite heavier as compared to other kinds of vacuum cleaners. It is certainly not an ideal choice for smaller houses. 

2. May Stink

The wet and dry vacuum cleaner has been found to make the cleaner quite stinky if you use it for wet waste such as pet urine. This makes the collection part stinky. Using a disinfectant vacuum cleaner attachment is recommended in this case.

You can also read our post on how to keep your vacuum from smelling.


Wet and dry vacuum cleaners are highly important considering everything they provide. They are certainly way better than any regular cleaning tool in terms of effectiveness and versatility. 

Nonetheless, the only task is to purchase the most appropriate one according to your needs and ensure its basic maintenance once it’s home.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

What are the major features of a wet and dry vacuum cleaner?

The major features of a wet and dry vacuum cleaner include it being versatile, different sizes available, dual-purpose, and safe from malfunctions and shocks.

What are some things to keep in mind while buying a wet and dry vacuum cleaner?

While purchasing a wet and dry vacuum cleaner, you will need to consider some crucial aspects. The first is your purpose and requirements. Apart from that, you will need to take care of the available space in your home and how you will be moving it.

What is the appropriate hose size for a wet and dry vac?

When buying your wet and dry vacuum cleaner you must always look for a 2.5-inch vacuum hose. A hose of this length works faster in comparison with other tubes with lesser lengths.

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Article by:

Katherine Frame

Katherine Frame is a professional writer and reviewer who worked in higher education for eight years before working on The Hardware Hub. She has written for multiple home magazines and blogs.

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